The different types of loans in Canada: explained

types of loans

Interest rates can be a very complicated matter to understand, especially for first-time home buyers who are unfamiliar with the rules and regulations surrounding loans in Canada. However, understanding interest rates is not something you have to master all by yourself, so here is an explanation of different types of loans.

1. Payday loans

Payday loans are short-term cash advances that last anywhere from two weeks to a month. You can borrow up to $1500 and the payment is due when your next paycheck comes in, which means these loans must be paid back very quickly. If a payday loan cannot be repaid, a person has the option of taking out another one or going into overdraft on their bank account until they receive their next paycheck. If you are interested in a certain region, you can search ”payday loans in Kamloops” and see the rules for that region. This type of loan has very high-interest rates, usually around $25 for every $100 borrowed, but there are some more affordable options out there. Some loans offer interest rate discounts if you do direct deposit or pre-authorized payments on your account. There are also payday loan companies that provide the service online.

2. Line of credit loans

A line of credit loan is an overdraft that you can use to help pay for certain things. For example, if you have traveled and have some extra expenses in relation to the trip, these are paid with a line of credit loan. The way they work is pretty simple. You can borrow whatever amount you want, and you pay interest on it until the loan is paid off. If you want to borrow more, this can be done too, there is no limit to how much money you can take out. However, not everyone qualifies for one since they are credit loans and if your credit score isn’t that great then chances are you will get refused. A line of credit usually has a lower interest rate than a payday loan, but still depends on your credit history.

3. Student loans

If you have recently graduated or in some cases if you are currently enrolled in school, then student loans are what you need. These are a bit different from other types of loans because instead of putting up collateral to get the loan, you actually have to provide proof that you are enrolled in school or recently graduated from one. You can borrow whatever amount is necessary based on your financial situation and current tuition fees, and there is no interest rate since these loans do not use any type of credit score as an assessment method. However, many students don’t know that they must pay back their student loans either through direct withdrawal from their bank accounts or by going into the financial aid office at their college/university and paying it back there.

4. Citizenship loans

Citizenship loans are given to people who have recently become citizens of Canada. This loan is usually given to people who require some money for their application fee or sometimes for travel purposes. These are typically small amounts of money that must be paid back, but there is no interest rate since the loan is very short-term, and you pay it back very quickly. It can take up to one week to get your citizenship loan deposited into your account if everything goes well. For this loan, you do not need to prove that you have a decent credit history but in some cases, if it is your first time applying for one then when the application is approved they will check your credit report.

5. Unsecured loans

An unsecured loan does not require any collateral and is often given to citizens that have a good credit history and low-interest rates. People who get unsecured loans tend to be people who either require money for emergencies or need it for longer terms. For example, one might take out an unsecured loan if he/she needs money to renovate their house or pay for some necessary medical procedures. The amount you borrow is largely dependent on your current employment status and income, but there are also specific types of unsecured loans such as chattel mortgages which allow you to borrow more than regular ones do since they offer a certain percentage of the value in the case that the collateral becomes repossessed due to non-payment.

6. Secured loans

Secured loans are loans that are usually given to people with bad credit history. Since they have bad credit, these loans typically have a high-interest rate, which means you pay more for the loan. Because of the higher interest rates and bad credit scores, this type of loan requires collateral and because of that, it is possible to get between $5,000 and $25,000 depending on what sort of collateral you place up. For secured loans, you must also be 18 years or older, but there isn’t really any age limit as long as you can prove that you are mature enough to take care of your own financial responsibilities. This type of loan has to be paid back within a specific amount of time as determined by the lender.

Why are loans important?

Loans are significant for many reasons. One reason is that they allow you to fulfill your dream of buying a house if you don’t have enough built up in your bank account. Another reason is that it allows people with bad credit to still get money and hopefully improve their credit situation, so they can obtain unsecured loans and not have such high-interest rates. Finally, another reason why loans are critical is that they allow businesses to grow and expand, since most companies require capital to either start the company or continue growing it. Loans are a very useful resource and can be used in many ways. Also, loans are very important because they allow people to become financially independent by either giving them money to start their own business or by helping them to buy a house or pay for medical procedures which would not be possible otherwise.


Once you have a better understanding of what types of loans are available in Canada, you will be able to make a much more informed decision when attempting to borrow money from a bank, lender or other sources. By knowing which type of loan gives you the best chance at low-interest rates, a person has a better chance of finding a strategy for paying off their debt as soon as possible.

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