Severe bleeding at work: 5 First Aid tips to remember

First Aid tips

First Aid tips – Every workplace presents various safety hazards that can cause severe bleeding or external blood loss. The common causes of severe bleeding at work include tearing of the skin or laceration, a cut caused by a sharp object or incision, a puncture, or a crushing injury due to excessive force, such as an extremity trapped in a machine’s moving parts.

First Aid tips
A woman is helping her colleague after accident in factory. First aid support on workplace concept.

Severe bleeding can lead to a massive decrease in blood volume, or in medical terms, hypovolemia. This medical condition involves more than 10 to 15% blood loss for an average healthy person, which can cause death by exsanguination. That’s why it’s critically important to know first aid techniques for severe bleeding. Read on below to find out more. 

Apply Pressure To The Bleeding Site

Employees in hazardous workplaces are usually trained how to perform first aid. While an onsite nurse or doctor is available, knowing how to perform first aid can make a big impact between life and death.

One of the first aid tips for severe bleeding is to apply pressure to the injury. Use your hand and a clean cloth, maintaining the pressure to stop the escape of blood from the wound. You can also use a bleeding control kit. 

A bleeding control kit includes important medical devices to limit blood loss during emergency situations. While waiting for emergency personnel, you can use this preserving kit to help stabilize the victim. Employers source bleeding control kits from trusted manufacturers. Check out their site to find out more.

Here are some reminders when applying pressure to the wounded or injured area:

  • Before you apply pressure, remove any dirt or debris from the affected area.
  • Don’t remove the cause of severe bleeding, such as the embedded nail or glass.
  • Never probe the injury, especially if the part of the object that caused the bleeding has broken off.
  • Don’t apply direct pressure to embedded objects and eye wounds. 

As you can see, applying the right amount of pressure can help prevent further bleeding. 

  • Elevate The Injured Area

Encourage the injured victim to lie down. Assist the patient as necessary to elevate and support the affected limb. Elevating an injury or wound above the heart can help decrease bleeding. Elevating the legs can help relieve or prevent the symptoms of shock.

  • Use A Torniquet

Only trained people must use a torniquet for first aid. Otherwise, the patient may suffer more injury or complications because of incorrect procedure. 

Below are important tips to remember when using a torniquet to control severe bleeding:

  • Make tourniquets from a strip of cloth, bandage, or a t-shirt, about 2 to 3 inches wide and can be overlapped. Thin straps or torniquet material less than this measurement can cut or rip the skin.
  • Tourniquets usually utilize a windlass device for tightening, but inflated tourniquets can also work. However, check for leaks to ensure they serve their purpose. 

Before using a torniquet, keep the above tips in mind to ensure proper application and prevent further complications. 

  • Contact An Emergency Response Team

Once the patient has been stabilized, call for an emergency response team. While this step must be as soon as possible, keeping the bleeding site stable is your priority if you’re the only responder on the site.  

While waiting for the emergency response team, inspect the bleeding site regularly. Don’t remove the dressing even if it’s getting soaked. Place another dressing as necessary to prevent excessive blood loss. 

  • Don’t Disturb Embedded Objects

Embedded objects can cause massive bleeding. But it’s crucial not to disturb any embedded object because removing it can cause more blood loss. 

Here are the steps you can do to manage severe bleeding caused by an embedded object: 

  • Create layers of dressing using a bandage or alternative material around the injured area. 
  • Don’t cover the embedded object because this will only worsen the injury and bleeding.
  • Applying a bandage or similar material onto the padding can help keep the embedded object in place.
  • Apply firm pressure to the wound’s padding.
  • Elevate the injured area above the heart and raise the limb to reduce or prevent hypovolemic shock.

Conclusion

Severe bleeding requires prompt medical attention. Stop bleeding using the proper tools and techniques as discussed above while waiting for the emergency response team. Because severe blood loss can lead to death by exsanguination, every second counts. Whether you or a co-worker experiences severe bleeding caused by a cut, laceration, or a crushing injury, make sure you’re prepared with a bleeding control kit and an alert mind. 

Other articles from mtltimes.ca – totimes.ca – otttimes.ca

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