What is layer 2 on Ethereum? (Explained)

layer 2 on Ethereum

During the success of the crypto market, Ethereum was the first currency that nourished the facility to yield token service and became popular among all cryptos in the digital market. As the product was highly popular and reliable among blockchain networks due to its maturity and good position in the market. The most standard token concocted on Ethereum is ERC-20. If you are interested in Bitcoin investment, you may also visit immediateconnect.org the online trading platform which will make your trading journey hassle-free.

About Layer 2 On Ethereum

As per the definition in Ethereum, layer 2 signifies the term which means for a particular set of Ethereum scaling solutions. To upgrade Ethereum to the next level, layer 2 provides a significant security layer to Ethereum. Although layer 2 is an upgraded version of layer 1 Ethereum which handles all transactions occurred by layer 1 and eventually leverages the decentralized security of Layer 1. As layer 1 is the basic blockchain used by Ethereum and layer 2 was founded by Bitcoin, the network was popular among crypto users. The best concept for layer 2 is to roll-up layer 1. Moreover, it becomes easy for layer 2 to cross-check every transaction processed by the layer 1 protocol.

Why Do We Need Layer 2?

Ethereum can execute approximately one million transactions within one second. Blockchain network supports the facilities such as decentralization, stability, and a secure network. But two out of three properties have been adopted by the blockchain network. Thus to make your network more strong, a second layer of network security is necessary.

What Is Scalability?

Scalability means speeding up transactions within seconds without compromising the security features on the network. As both factors are crucial for transaction purposes and even for network worth as well.  The function of Ethereum is to provide and support scalability without compromising decentralization or protection to secure the scalability of the network.  The processing capacity of layer 1 is for approximately 15 transactions per second. But in case of high demand or network congestion due to frequent transactions, they imply high charges to get down the load on the network and enhance the price thereof. As a result, users who cannot pay high charges will remove their transaction load from layer 2 and hence making layer one Less crowded and scalable. Eventually, layer 2 comes into the picture to resolve this problem which instantly removes the load from layer 1 and makes it less congested.

Benefits of Layer 2

Here some benefits are given which covered by layer 2 of the Ethereum

  • Lower Fees: as several transactions were rolled up in a single transaction hence fees applicable to this protocol are now in amount. Hence the Ethereum network is used by most people as they have to pay a pinch of money to see such a wonderful network.
  • Maintain security: As it is clear from previous pages that layer 2 transactions were enforced based on Ethereum which is a fully operational blockchain.

Risks factor of Layer 2

Risk factors that occurred due to layer 2 protocol:

  • In comparison to transactions occurring on the Ethereum network, layer 2 has a low-risk factor. For instance, when the sequence fails to perform the transaction, you ultimately wait for access to the funds. Hence blockchain plays as a mediator to provide facilities to shift the layer 2 asset which is placed on the eager side.
  • If layer 2 assets are still in progress, then the optimal bridge design may not be discovered yet and eventually, a lot of hackers will try to hack the bridge ultimately.  Hence the sequence of hacking of bridges will be continue

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