Montreal Metro System to REM and the Future

Montreal STM

Early in the 20th century, as tramway traffic developed around Montreal’s downtown area, the idea of an underground transport system surfaced – but it did not go very far. The great stock market crash in October of 1929 put the idea on the back burner as the Great Depression of the 1930’s set in. It wasn’t until 1944 when the Montreal Tramways Company brought the idea back as a ‘Metro’ project, but with World War Two and further research required for the project, it did not move forward. It was not until the 1960’s when the project was finally given approval and as we know, it moved ahead. Now in 2019, we are witnessing the creation of a light-rail transit system – the REM, which will change the way we move about the Greater Montreal area and lead us forward.

1962 Metro Blueprint -STM


In 1953, the new Montreal Transportation Commission proposed its own Metro project. The first phase would have involved the construction of a 12.5 km line under Saint-Denis, Saint-Jacques and Sainte-Catherine streets with a price tag of $117 million. However, it wasn’t until October of 1961, under Mayor Jean Drapeau’s reign that a blueprint for three lines were presented: the Green line running east-west, the Orange line running north-south, with a third ‘RED’ line running under Mount Royal – but it was abandoned in 1971 with the advent of a Blue line becoming a priority instead. The Red line eventually became what is known today as the Yellow line, the fourth line, from Berri-UQAM to Longueuil on the South Shore. On November 3rd 1961, the City of Montreal officially announced the project, with Lucien L’Allier as senior engineer – and a price tag of $132 million.

Metro Control Center 1966 – STM


In May of 1962, construction work began on Berri St. south of Jarry and the cost of the project had grown to $213 million, mostly attributed to the addition of the Yellow line. The network was to be built entirely underground, with a different architectural design for each station and the metro trains running only on rubber tires. On August 24th 1965, the Canadian Vickers company was awarded the contract to build the first 369 metro cars – the MR-63.

MR-63 First Metro Cars -STM


On October 14th 1966, the first 20 Metro stations were inaugurated, with around one million people trying out the system. By the spring of 1967, the very first metro network was completed with 26 stations: the Green linerunning from the Atwater station to Frontenac, the Orange line from the Henri-Bourassa station to Bonaventure and the Yellow line running from Berri-De Montigny (known today as Berri-UQAM) to the Longueuil station.

Metro Track Cleaning 1966 -STM


In October of 1971, work began on extending the network to what we know it as today. The Green line would eventually be extended from Honore-Beaugrand to the Angrignon station, the Orange line from Cote Vertu all the way tothe Montmorency station in Laval and a new fourth line, the Blue line would run from Saint-Michel station to Snowdon. Due to delays in construction and inflation, the cost of the extensions rose from an estimated $430 million in 1971 to a disconcerting $1.6 billion dollars by 1975 – causing the Provincial government to impose a moratorium on the extensions that would only be lifted during the next decade. During that time, new Metro cars were needed and Bombardier was awarded the contract to build 423 MR-73 cars, with the first deliveries starting in July of 1976 and put into service by December.


In 1990, the MR-63 cars, the very first cars on the tracks, were renovated. Work to extend the the Orange line in Laval finally started in March of 2002 and by April of 2007, the new Cartier, De la Concorde and Montmorency stations were officially inaugurated. By the end of the decade, Bombardier-Alstom was given a contract to build 468 MPM-10 cars, known as the Azur trains. In February of 2016, the new cars were put into service on the Orange line – and by 2018, the entire MR-63 fleet was retired. The new REM light-rail transit system will write its own pages in Montreal’s transit history – with four lines connecting to downtown, the South Shore, North Shore, West Island and the Airport – and integrated into the existing public transit system. At a cost (to date) of $6.3 billion, the first of 240 cars are expected to be on the tracks by the summer of 2021 and the full fleet in operation by the end of 2023… leading transport into the future.

Metro riders on way to Expo 196-STM
Metro Tunnel 1966 -STM
Plateau-Youville Station Construction 1965 -STM
By: Bonnie Wurst – [email protected]

Other articles:

See Egyptian Mummies in Montreal this Fall at MMFA

Smoke Meat Pete’s last classic bike night


Is it possible to get an A for a 5-paragraph essay assignment in 1 hour? We can safely say yes, a student can get an A+ mark if he turns to EduJungles


The ultimate guide to planning a long family staycation in Canada

To guarantee that everyone has an amazing time, careful planning is necessary when organizing a lengthy staycation. Here’s the ultimate guide to planning your family staycation in Canada. Canada, with its vast landscapes, diverse cities, and rich cultural heritage, offers endless possibilities for a memorable family staycation. Whether you’re exploring the stunning natural beauty of

Meal kits

Cost vs. Convenience: Analyzing meal kits and traditional cooking

In this modern world and modern times, convenience often takes priority over cost, especially when it comes to food. Meal kits and traditional cooking represent two different approaches to home dining, and each of them has advantages and disadvantages. Analyzing these methods through the lens of cost and convenience provides insight into why individuals might

Condo renovations

Condo renovations Dos and Don’ts: Expert Tips for a Successful Project

Embarking on a condo renovations journey can be both exhilarating and daunting. Imagine transforming your living space into a stylish haven that reflects your personality and meets your needs. While exciting, the process can be full of challenges and unforeseen hiccups. That’s why we’ve gathered some condo renovation dos and don’ts from the experts to

Terrific Hair

Terrific Hair Means Tamanu – Earth to Body

Curly, straight, thick, thin, kinky or silky, tamanu loves and makes terrific Hair.  And scalps. Nutritionally dense yet gentle, tamanu is an effective and versatile nut oil. It stimulates, helps promote growth. prevents hair loss, reduces scalp itch and irritations and adds a natural sheen! Make tamanu a part of your hair and scalp care

Understanding the 4 legal process after a DUI Crash

A single mistake can have serious consequences, especially when driving under the influence. The aftermath of a DUI crash extends beyond physical harm and property damage. It involves a complex legal process that may feel overwhelming. As a responsible citizen, it’s vital to grasp the legal system and your rights in such situations. This blog

personal injury lawyer

Pedestrian accident: How a personal injury lawyer can help you

Accidents involving pedestrians can be life-altering. You could be walking down the street or crossing a street. A vehicle’s sudden impact can change everything right away. If you’ve found yourself in such a situation, you might be wondering how to move forward. This is where a personal injury lawyer steps in, offering crucial help and

Mtltimes Subscription

The latest on what’s moving Montreal and the world – delivered straight to your inbox